WHEAT CULTIVATION IN INDIA
Agronomical Practices in wheat
गेहूं मे सस्य क्रियाऐं
Sowing of wheat (गेहूं की बुआई):
Optimum date of sowing depends on type of variey, weather, soil, irrigation facility etc. However, most appropriate time of sowing is when the daily ambient temperature drops to 20-22 0C. Therefore second fortnight of November is optimum time of sowing in Northern plains
Last Dates upto which sowing would be economical are:
upto 25th December - in North-West plain Zone
upto 10th December - in North-East plain & Central Zone
upto 30th November - in Peninsular Zone
Soaking seeds in water overnight before sowing, useing higher seed rate, closer spacing, shallow sowing (2-3 cm) and spreading thin covering of FYM soon after sowing, can reduce loss caused by late sowing,
The dwarf wheats should be sown only at 5-6 cm depth as they have shorter coleoptiles. Seeding depth of 8-10 cm results in poor germination and reduced yield.
The optimum seed rate, for timely sown wheat, is 100 to 125 kg of seed per hectare. Row to row spacing should be 22.5 to 23 cm.
The late sown wheat should be sown in rows spaced 15-18 cm with seed rate 125 to 156 kg/ha (about 25% higher than that of timely sown)
Relay copping of wheat in an early planted potato crop is a high bonus cropping system.
Four to Five rows of wheat grown in two rows of sugarcane is a popular inrercrop practice now a days.
Succeeding wheat crops or wheat grown after rice encounters a number of problems and should be avoided.